The game of GO originated in China about 4000-4500 years ago.
It was considered one of the four essential arts of a cultured Chinese scholar in antiquity
and is described as a worthy pastime for a gentleman in the Analects of Confucius.
The rules of GO are simple, but the depth and strategy of the game is unsurpassed.
It reached Korea by the 5th century, in the 7th century it had reached Japan.
The game did not become popular in the West until the late 19th century.